Abstract: For millennia Hindus have revered the sanctity of Mt. Kailash and Mansarovar as a heaven on earth. Kailash is regarded as one of the most sacred place on this planet for the geopietic vision of varied communities in Asia. Each year, millions of Hindu devotees travel to these high and risky mountain ranges in order to fulfill their karma of sacred pilgrimage which, they believe, will lead them to attain Moksha. The popular belief prevalent is that journey to this mountain will get them rid of all sins and pave the way to the earthly paradise. The Mount Kailash have influenced the Indian mind since Vedic times, when it was considered to be the home of the gods and the source of soma, the drink of immortality. The myths and legends surrounding the region are not very well documented in the Indian mythology. We can find mention of the holy mountain appearing in the great epic of Mahabharata and the Ramayana too. There are several mention of this sacred mountain in several other religious texts and mythical legends such as Skanda Purana and Brahmanda Purana. Even religious literature of Jainism and Buddhism refers to this mountain as a holy site in their faith. Therefore, a comprehensive survey of these literatures and folklore related with Kailash Mansarovar will benefit us to know the cultural and religious importance of this holy mountain among Hindus and non-Hindus of the region and the whole world. Legends of a mythical land were spread throughout the centuries and became of interest to philosophers, adventurers, theologists and even modern day psychologist. This paper is a preliminary attempt to do a brief survey of myths and legend surrounding the holy mountain Kailash, Lake Mansarovar and the related sacred river Ganges, three forming a triadic sacred complex..
Keywords: Ganges, Hindu, Kailash-Mansarovar, Shiva, Tibet.