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Constraints of china’s emergence as a political alternative to the western world

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Abstract: In the history, China has been referred as middle kingdom as the name in Chinese (Zhong Guo) denotes, but it regards itself as the centre of the World and also being called as Central Kingdom (Tian Xia). China has always seen itself as antithesis to the existing world order and human values. What is true in other part of the world may not apply in China. The obvious example is the democratic form of government and some basic human rights.  When China got subdued by Western powers in 1840s and lost the two opium wars, it started rethinking its strategy of isolation and launched several constitutional reform which failed to being any substantive change. Finally in 1911, a violent movement under the leadership of Dr. Sun Yatsen overthrow the last dynasty of China and started a brief republican movement which did not last and China entered into Warlord period under the commandership of Yuan Shikai.

Generalissimo Jiang Kaishek presided over a republican China until 1949, when he was forced by Mao led communist party to flee to the Island of Formosa (Taiwan) where his dynasty ruled before it became democratic in early 1990s. For almost 30 years China kept her door closed and had diplomatic relations with a handful of countries. But in the late 1970s China opened its door to foreigners and embraced the prevailing market system in the western world. Now in the 21st century it is attempting to create a new world order with the muscle power of its resources and state capitalism. Now the question ha sbeen asked will China create a totally new world order, or it will embrace the existing one and make a substantive contribution to maintain peace and stability. Especially in the post financial crisis era, and with the end of Western era in sight, the ideological dominance of the West is under challenge. After having arrived at the world stage as the economic power house, and by launching development banks and strategy like “One Belt One Road”, China is striving to build an alternative to the Western world order based on Confucian tradition. In this brief monograph the author reviews the current Chinese domestic political situation and attempts to predict its impact on the emergence of China as an alternative to the Western World order.


Keywords: Confucian values, CCP, Central Committee, Beijing Consensus, Daniel Bell, Deng Xiaoping, tao guang yang hui

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